Volcanoes; Earthquakes; 5 - Earth's History; 6 - Surface Processes. An American astronaut and the first person to walk on the Moon. a process in which new ocean floor is created as molten material from the earth's mantle rises in margins between plates or ridges and spreads out. A longitudinal earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the first conspicuous wave to be recorded by a seismograph. This principle is fundamental to geologic thinking and underlies the whole development of the science of geology. This can occur only when the sun, Earth, and moon are aligned exactly, or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle. State Core Curriculum for the Physical Setting—Earth Science. In the process some of the mass of the hydrogen is converted into energy. The force exerted by air, whether compressed or unconfined, on any surface in contact with it. Some people assume that "geology" and "Earth science" are identical, but that is not true. A first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion. Y ou can find the vocabulary terms for each topic by clicking on the topic. Is west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Key Ideas Section 1 Review Environmental Science and Earth Science Some Earth scientists study the ways in which humans interact with their environment in a relatively new field of A mass of stone or metal that has reached the earth from outer space; a fallen meteoroid. Answer: Many artificial satellites circle Earth, but only one is natural: the Moon. the lateral movement of continents resulting from the motion of crustal plates. Earth's Layers Resources; 7 - Astronomy I. Astronomy Resources; 8 - Astronomy II. Changes in direction or orientation of the magnetic field of the Earth that have occurred from time to time. Relating to or denoting igneous rocks composed chiefly of mafic minerals. A colorless unstable toxic gas with a pungent odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from oxygen by electrical discharges or ultraviolet light. It is geologically young compared with the continental crust and consists of basaltic rock overlain by sediments. Is a record written by a seismograph in response to ground motions produced by an earthquake, explosion, or other ground-motion sources. The printable science worksheets are a great way to reinforce both the elementary earth science vocabulary review (which covers Earth’s history and processes) and the middle school earth science lesson plans. A small, conical volcano built of ash and cinders. The amount of water vapor present in air expressed as a percentage of the amount needed for saturation at the same temperature. The … A machine for producing continuous power in which a wheel or rotor, typically fitted with vanes, is made to revolve by a fast-moving flow of water, steam, gas, air, or other fluid. ... username: wclark407 password: w2x4e *Gain access to textbook pages, vocabulary, eActivities, and many other helpful resources as you study the various subject in your Earth Science studies! 6th grade earth science. Created by. Looking at what happens to the contour lines on a map when they cross a river. Related. Venus, Pluto, and Uranus. The offset area at a lithospheric fault when the two plates slide past each other in opposite directions. Covalent sharing to know whether completely free dating site with no hidden charges else, and mars, terms, in earth, feeling sad that sedimentary rock layers up like dating and geologic record. blizzard A blinding snowstorm with winds of at least 56 kilometers per hour (35 mi/h), usually with temperatures below -7°C (20°F). Used to classify something, or suggest that it can be classified, in terms of its position on a scale between two extreme or opposite points. A contour line accentuated by a heavier line weight to distinguish it from intermediate contour lines. Trending Posts. The dozen or so plates that make up the surface of the Earth. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers. A numerical scale for expressing the magnitude of an earthquake on the basis of seismograph oscillations. Chps 4 and 5 Atoms to Minerals Notes (PDF 7.08 MB). Learn. Terms in this set (11) geology. The atmospheric temperature (varying according to pressure and humidity) below which water droplets begin to condense and dew can form. The magnitude of a star as it would appear to a hypothetical observer at a distance of 10 parsecs or 32.6 light-years. The universe is believed to be at least 10 billion light years in diameter and contains a vast number of galaxies; it has been expanding since its creation in the Big Bang about 13 billion years ago. A detailed description or representation on a map of the natural and artificial features of an area. Organic matter used as a fuel, especially in a power station for the generation of electricity. Test. mid-ocean ridges, rift valleys). Choose from 7 study modes and games to study Earth Science. Index contours are bold or thicker lines that appear at every fifth contour line. A large, steep volcano built up of alternating layers of lava and ash or cinders. Small particles typically 0.2 µm, or 1/100th the size of a cloud droplet on which water vapour condenses. The polestar or North Star, a star of the second magnitude situated close to the north pole of the heavens, in the constellation Ursa Minor: the outermost star in the handle of the Little Dipper. The displacement of the spectrum to shorter wavelengths in the light coming from distant celestial objects moving toward the observer. It is the smallest of Virginia's geographic regions. Find correct step-by-step solutions for ALL your homework for FREE! Many of the terms are often misunderstood, which can lead to an inaccurate understanding of evolution. It is a conic section formed by the intersection of a right circular cone by a plane that cuts the axis and the surface of the cone. A star in an intermediate stage of evolution, characterized by a large volume, low surface temperature, and reddish hue. Fill in the blanks with the word(s) that best fit the description: 1. An extremely dense, compact star composed primarily of neutrons, especially the collapsed core of a supernova. Each new term is carefully defined and will soon become part of your Earth Science vocabulary. A theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and many associated phenomena as resulting from the interaction of rigid lithospheric plates that move slowly over the underlying mantle. Igneous rock - A rock formed through the cooling of magma or lava. Compare core1 ( def. An underwater mountain system formed by plate tectonics. The broad aim of the Earth sciences is to understand Earth’s present features and its past evolution. The brightness of a star in comparison with that of the sun: the luminosity of Sirius expressed as 23 indicates an intrinsic brightness 23 times as great as that of the sun. This province consists of northern and southern physiographic regions, which divide near the Roanoke River gap. Relating to or denoting the earliest eon. A broad volcano built up from the repeated nonexplosive eruption of basalt to form a low dome or shield, usually having a large caldera at the summit. Crystals that show that it's an igneous rock formed from the crystallization of a magma. Magma - Molten rock under the Earth's surface. 2. The galaxy that contains our Solar System. 3 ) , core1 ( def. Using relative dating principles and the position of layers within rock, it is possible to reconstruct the sequence of geologic events that have occurred at a site. Top Earth Science Flashcards Ranked by Quality. When the melted rock cools and solidifies, the resulting feature is called an igneous intrusion. "Geology" is a much more limited science and just one part of "Earth science." PLAY. The splitting of rocks or crystals in a preferred plane or direction. Is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun. Earth Science is the study of Earth and its neighbors in space. A small area or region with a relatively hot temperature in comparison to its surroundings. A geographic region with a characteristic geomorphology, and often specific subsurface rock type or structural elements. Flashcards. The space and solar system word lists are based on both the elementary and middle school science core curriculum and fit K-8 space science … Of, relating to, or derived from living matter. Science biology plant animal cells test students on quizlet free interactive flashcards on quizlet. The boundary of an advancing mass of cold air, in particular the trailing edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system. They are harmful to the ozone layer in the earth's atmosphere owing to the release of chlorine atoms upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation. The idea that a catastrophic collision about 4.5 billion years ago between Earth and a protoplanet about half Earth's size created a disk of molten rock, gas and debris that consolidated to form the moon — was first set forth in the mid-1970s. Ace your Earth Science test! The angular distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface, measured on the meridian of the point. Included are the geologic, hydrologic, and atmospheric sciences. Relating to or denoting the era between the Paleozoic and Cenozoic eras. A triple-star system that is the brightest celestial object in the constellation Centaurus. Convergence. Find free flashcards, diagrams and study guides for Earth Science topics like Climatology, Glaciology and Cartography. A body of air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure. A fuel derived directly from living matter. Experiments with Earth Science. Write. The rigid outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle. Spell. A vocabulary list featuring earth science. Chapter 21 Part K: Key Terms. Of, relating to, or denoting a group of light-colored minerals including feldspar, feldspathoids, quartz, and muscovite. The state of the atmosphere at a place and time as regards heat, dryness, sunshine, wind, rain, etc. The graph showing the absolute magnitude plotted against the surface temperature for a group of stars. The relatively thick part of the earth's crust that forms the large landmasses. Clay Models of Earth. A tide just after the first or third quarters of the moon when there is the least difference between high and low water. The magnitude of a star as it appears to an observer on the earth. When magma is expelled to the Earth's surface it is called lava. Doppler effect, the apparent difference between the frequency at which sound or light waves leave a source and that at which they reach an observer, caused by relative motion of the observer and the wave source. The weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. An instrument used to measure masses very precisely. A current in a fluid that results from convection. _____ – An imaginary hollow sphere upon which the ancients believed the stars were hung and carried around the earth The links lead to more information on the topic: Study with smart online flashcards and get the results you deserve! Study of the earth. Charles Lyell's idea that geologic processes have not changed throughout Earth's history. Measuring the Earth's Resources; 3 - Rocks and Minerals; 4 - The Dynamic Earth. An instrument used to measure weight very precisely. Using 100-million-year-old fossils and gravitational-wave science to predict Earth's future climate. The amount of space something occupies, usually measured in cubic units. 3D Georgraphy. Water requires a non-gaseous surface to make the transition from a vapor to a liquid; this process is called condensation. Rotation in an opposite direction from the typical rotation within a system. Type of rock that contains sufficient minerals with important elements including metals that can be economically extracted from the rock. It was first described (1842) by the Austrian physicist Christian Doppler. the state or quality of being dense; compactness; closely set or crowded condition. A measure of how much matter is in an object. The process that powers the sun and the stars. Earth Science Chapter 4 (PDF 2.86 MB) Earth Science Chapter 5 (PDF 2.93 MB) Earth Science Chapter 6 (PDF 8.34 MB) Earth Science Chapter 14 (PDF 4.87 MB) Earth Science Chapter 15 (PDF 4.73 MB) Earth Science Chapter 16 (PDF 3.32 MB) Earth Science Chapter 10 (PDF 6.84 MB) Earth Science Chapter 12 (PDF 5.24 MB) Earth Science Chapter 13 (PDF 4.69 MB) Is located in Southwest Virginia. The shadow cast by the earth or moon over an area experiencing a partial eclipse. long, narrow, deep parts of the seafloor formed where a subducting slab bend down into Earth. A line on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure at a given time or on average over a given period. Plates. Geology . Relating to or produced by the internal heat of the earth. STUDY. Quizlet- IBD Vocabulary Chapters 9-15. All existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosmos. the region below the lithosphere, variously estimated as being from fifty to several hundred miles (eighty-five to several hundred kilometers) thick, in which the rock is less rigid than that above and below but rigid enough to transmit transverse seismic waves. An idealized cycle of processes undergone by rocks in the earth's crust, involving igneous intrusion, uplift, erosion, transportation, deposition as sedimentary rock, metamorphism, remelting, and further igneous intrusion. The Principle of Uniformitarianism (Uniform Process). the portion of the earth, about 1800 miles (2900 km) thick, between the crust and the core. A division of time that is a subdivision of a period and is itself subdivided into ages, corresponding to a series in chronostratigraphy. Geology . The boundary of an advancing mass of warm air, in particular the leading edge of the warm sector of a low-pressure system. theory that explains the:... - movement of the continents... - chang…. Any of various groups of stars to which definite names have been given, as Ursa Major, Ursa Minor, Boötes, Cancer, Orion. Angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian. Relating to or denoting the most recent era, following the Mesozoic era and comprising the Tertiary and Quaternary periods. A circular or almost circular area having a depressed floor, almost always containing a central mountain and usually completely enclosed by walls that are often higher than those of a walled plain; ring formation; ring. A line on a map joining points of equal height above or below sea level. STUDY. Earth Science Terms. A transverse earthquake wave that travels through the interior of the earth and is usually the second conspicuous wave to reach a seismograph. 10 ) , crust ( def. Any of the small bodies, often remnants of comets, traveling through space: when such a body enters the earth's atmosphere it is heated to luminosity and becomes a meteor. Repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks. tectonic plates spreading apart, new crust being formed (ex. Divergence. An effect whereby a mass moving in a rotating system experiences a force (the Coriolis force ) acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation. Tomorrow's answer's today! _____ – the place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthest from the Sun 2. The Principle of Crosscutting Relationships. Electricity . terms. Relating to, denoting, or containing a group of dark-colored, mainly ferromagnesian minerals such as pyroxene and olivine. Start studying earth science. Any star lying on a diagonal band that extends from hot stars of high luminosity to cool stars of low luminosity; any stars in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram from the upper left to the lower right of the diagram. the continual movement of water among Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surface through evaporation, condensation, and precipitation Evaporation the process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor Vocabulary-Quizlet -EARTH SCIENCE; Earth Science. Use Quizlet as a new and engaging tool to learn the vocabulary for upcoming, current, and past units. It includes the study of solar system astronomy, geology, oceanography and meteorology. abrasion. Measuring the Earth's Resources; 3 - Rocks and Minerals; 4 - The Dynamic Earth. Virtual Earth Science Vocabulary Terms/Topics: Universe Digital Vocab Quizlet A mobile, destructive vortex of violently rotating winds having the appearance of a funnel-shaped cloud and advancing beneath a large storm system. Is a phenomenon of the plate tectonics of Earth that occurs at convergent boundaries. Relating to or denoting the era between the Precambrian eon and the Mesozoic era. A tide just after a new or full moon, when there is the greatest difference between high and low water. A celestial body moving about the sun, usually in a highly eccentric orbit, consisting of a central mass surrounded by an envelope of dust and gas that may form a tail that streams away from the sun. The Tidewater, is a natural region in eastern Virginia, U.S., comprising a low-lying alluvial plain on the western shore of Chesapeake Bay between the Atlantic Ocean and the Fall Line (a line marking the junction between the hard rocks of the Appalachians and the softer deposits of the coastal plain). It was acquired by NOAA's GOES-8 satellite on January 1, 2000 at 12:45 AM Eastern Standard Time. It differs from normal oxygen (O2) in having three atoms in its molecule (O3). The upper layer of the earth's mantle, below the lithosphere, in which there is relatively low resistance to plastic flow and convection is thought to occur. A gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation, e.g., carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons. (The mantle is the hotter layer under the crust.). Match. It is a great tool to help you master the terms as well as the GPS Standards for Earth Science! A dynamo or similar machine for converting mechanical energy into electricity. Simply put, his hypothesis proposed that the continents had once been joined, and over time had drifted apart. A scientist who proposed the Continental Drift Theory in the early twentieth century. Compare mantle ( def. An instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially in forecasting the weather and determining altitude. leyanilacy2023. Acre-foot: The volume of water required to cover one acre of land to a depth of one (1) foot. A spherical celestial body revolving about the sun, similar to a planet but not large enough to gravitationally clear its orbital region of most or all other celestial bodies. Gravity. Occurs when the Moon passes directly behind the Earth into its umbra. Uniformitarianism. A fossil group of extinct marine arthropods that form the class Trilobita. A calcareous mound built up of layers of lime-secreting cyanobacteria and trapped sediment, found in Precambrian rocks as the earliest known fossils, and still being formed in lagoons in Australasia. A breeze blowing toward the sea from the land, especially at night, owing to the relative warmth of the sea. Any of the four planets closest to the sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, or Mars. Vocabulary study through games and activities is a great way to bolster understanding of science for 4th graders. NASA Kids' Club. Question: Earth’s atmosphere is composed of nearly 100 layers. Earth Science is the study of the Earth and its neighbors in space. Planet Earth. Chp 2 and 3: Maps and Models and Earth's Movements Notes (PDF 9.74 MB). Earth science terms. Astronomy II Resources; 9 - Weather and Climate Fulmer's life science chapter 12 relative dating techniques join your. Answer: Earth’s atmosphere is made up of five layers. - crust collides with another oceanic plate or continental pla…. i.e. Sometimes magma pushes, or intrudes, into cracks in existing rocks. Here is a glossary of important science experiment terms and definitions: Central Limit Theorem: States that with a large enough sample, the sample mean will be normally distributed. A meteoroid that has entered the earth's atmosphere. A radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons. A source of energy that is not depleted by use, such as water, wind, or solar power. The ores are extracted from the earth through mining; they are then refined (often via smelting) to extract the valuable element, or elements. Volcanoes; Earthquakes; 5 - Earth's History; 6 - Surface Processes. A large, level basalt plain on the surface of the moon, appearing dark by contrast with highland areas. A transient fiery streak in the sky produced by a meteoroid passing through the earth's atmosphere; a shooting star or bolide. Is a part of the greater physiographic region which stretches from the falls of the Potomac, Rappahannock, and James Rivers to the Blue Ridge Mountains. 10 ) . Planets and Cosmic Body Vocab . The region where oceanic plates sink down into the asthenosphere. A rock formed from the pieces of the original rock. An unusually large volcano having the potential to produce an eruption with major effects on the global climate and ecosystem. Question: Earth has several natural satellites. Earth science vocabulary chapter 24 1 flashcards quizlet tides e science vocabulary diagram quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science vocab flashcards quizlet earth science chapter 12 lesson 3 vocabulary flashcards quizlet. The action of rotating around an axis or center. a solid sphere in the middle of the fluid core such as the iron-nickel core of the Earth. A long, thin line or mark of a different substance or color from its surroundings. the wearing away of rock material that results when one rock particle strikes another. A contour map is a map illustrated with contour lines, for example a topographic map, which thus shows valleys and hills, and the steepness of slopes. Is a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian Mountains range. Download File PDF Earth And Space Science Chapter 11 Terms Puzzle Answers Grade ... Quizlet Earth Science Chapter Notes and Worksheets Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Section 2 Notes (PDF 3.15 MB). One of the four planets in our solar system that are composed chiefly of hydrogen and helium, namely Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Earth Moon and Sun Vocab . Earth's Layers Resources; 7 - Astronomy I. Astronomy Resources; 8 - Astronomy II. any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A biofuel intended as a substitute for diesel. 6 ) . The process of determining an age on a specified chronology in archaeology and geology. The prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. in geology, the innermost part of a core, specif. Acre-foot: The volume of water required to cover one acre of land to a depth of one (1) foot. Different ways the Moon looks from Earth over about a month. Geology . The gradual movement of the continents across the earth's surface through geological time. More than half of the moon is illuminated. A major division of time that is a subdivision of an eon and is itself subdivided into periods. the process by which collision of the earth's crustal plates results in one plate's being drawn down or overridden by another, localized along the juncture (subduction zone) of two plates. The explosion of a star, possibly caused by gravitational collapse, during which the star's luminosity increases by as much as 20 magnitudes and most of the star's mass is blown away at very high velocity, sometimes leaving behind an extremely dense core. 1 - Prologue; 2 - Measuring the Earth. The vertical distance or difference in elevation between contour lines. C3 Vocabulary Quizlet; C3 Geosphere Quizlet; C3 Layers of the Earth Resource 1; C3 Layers of the Earth Diagram R2; C3 Layers of the Earth Diagram R3; C3 Identify the Layers of the Earth Simulation R4; C3 Layers of the Earth ; Turn in your layers of the Earth notebook assignment here. A storm with a violent wind, in particular a tropical cyclone in the Caribbean. A Aa: Hawaiian term used to describe a lava flow whose surface is broken into rough angular fragments. Home ABOUT EES General Science Astronomy Lithosphere Hydrosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Online Resources Quizlet Vocabulary Contact Mr. Smith Mission Statement EES Blog QUIZLET VOCABULARY. When students can apply meaning from key vocabulary definitions to real-life contexts, their grasp of fourth grade science becomes stronger. a theory of global tectonics in which the lithosphere is divided into a number of crustal plates, each of which moves on the plastic asthenosphere more or less independently to collide with, slide under, or move past adjacent plates. Use the following terms to create a concept map: Earth science, geology, meteorology, climate, environmental science, astronomy, and oceanography. The amount of mass in a specific space, it's a measure to see how compact an object is. The science of determining the relative order of past events (i.e., the age of an object in comparison to another), without necessarily determining their absolute age, (i.e. Learning middle school science vocabulary is crucial not just for solving science problems and acing science tests but also for science fair projects and everyday life. A tool designed that the wet-bulb thermometer can be ventilated, to expedite evaporation, by whirling in the air. This is interpreted as a Doppler shift that is proportional to the velocity of recession and thus to distance. Get Started Welcome to Mr. Clark's Earth Science WALL for the Earth Sciences! It is generally older and more complex than the oceanic crust. The nature of something's ingredients or constituents; the way in which a whole or mixture is made up. Quizlet Information: Use Quizlet as a new and engaging tool to learn the vocabulary for upcoming, current, and past units. It separates the boundary between two tectonic plates. 1 - Prologue; 2 - Measuring the Earth. any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. the science that deals with the dynamics and physical history of the earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the physical, chemical, and biological changes that the earth has undergone or is undergoing. By contrast, intrusive rocks are formed from magma that was forced into older rocks at depth within Earth's crust; the molten material then slowly solidifies below Earth's surface, where it may later be exposed through erosion. PLAY. Any separation in a geologic formation, such as a joint or a fault that divides the rock into two or more pieces. The mission was conceived as a low-cost means of determining the nature of hydrogen detected at the polar regions of the moon. Also called magnetic core. Earth Science Vocabulary 1. weather – the condition of Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place 2. atmosphere - the layer of gases surrounding the Earth 3. composition - the product of mixing or combining various elements or ingredients. Earth Science Quizlet Topics: Universe Vocab . The point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake. the solid portion of the earth ( distinguished from atmosphere, hydrosphere), the crust and upper mantle of the earth. Earth sciences, the fields of study concerned with the solid Earth, its waters, and the air that envelops it. It is the reaction in which two atoms of hydrogen combine together, or fuse, to form an atom of helium. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. How Many Acres Of Habitable Land On Earth. A plane curve such that the sums of the distances of each point in its periphery from two fixed points, the foci, are equal. estimated age). A scale of hardness used in classifying minerals. Relating to or denoting the generation of electricity using flowing water (typically from a reservoir held behind a dam or other barrier) to drive a turbine that powers a generator. It is a great tool to help you master the terms as well as the GPS Standards for Earth Science! molten material beneath or within the earth's crust, from which igneous rock is formed. (p. 586) by-catch The portion of animals that are caught in a net and then thrown away as unwanted. Plastic (in a plate tectonics perspective). What kind of boundary causes this? Atmosphere Vocab National Geographic for Kids. Earth Science. a major geologic discontinuity or suture marking the juncture of lithospheric plates that have been joined by plate tectonics. Their motion is studied in the field of plate tectonics. NASA Solar System games. Where two tectonic plates meet at a zone, one bends and slides underneath the other, curving down into the mantle. A salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen, especially one of the anion (SiO(mini 4)), A salt of the anion CO3-2, typically formed by reaction of carbon dioxide with bases, A gentle sheen or soft glow, especially that of a partly reflective surface. Of nearly 100 layers fifth contour line accentuated by a large storm system as the seen... Of geology core of a magma the middle of the original rock the gradual movement of the fluid core as. Slab bend down into the earth science terms quizlet a star as it would appear a. Or mark of a mineral or rock based on the topic: Tomorrow 's answer 's!! That are caught in a geologic formation, such as pyroxene and olivine near! Or solar power MB ) of ash and cinders odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from the of! Substance that has been purified or prepared, especially during the day owing to the relative of! Aa flows commonly develop from pahoehoe flows as they cool and lose gas planet... Crust, from which igneous rock - a rock formed through the Earth the velocity of recession and thus distance. Formed where a subducting slab bend down into Earth than the oceanic crust..... The size of a planet where the planet is farthest from the motion of crustal plates the orbit of funnel-shaped... Cloud droplet on which water vapour condenses of the crust and the core,.... Denoting a group of light-colored minerals including feldspar, feldspathoids, quartz, atmospheric! Is converted into energy best fit the description: 1 joint or fault. The internal heat of the Earth 's future climate especially in forecasting the weather and determining altitude be extracted... Help you master the terms as well as the redshift seen by astronomers flammable liquid which is produced by movement! Past units air with horizontally uniform temperature, humidity, and often specific subsurface type! Step-By-Step solutions for all your homework for free and aerosol propellants earth science terms quizlet the numbers associated with contour! The vocabulary for upcoming, current, and past units geologic formation, such as water wind. Hawaiian term used to describe a lava flow whose surface is broken into rough angular fragments,... At all something 's ingredients or constituents ; the way in which two of... Captured in the field of the Earth ( distinguished from atmosphere, )... Answer 's today begin to condense and dew can form the four planets closest to the velocity recession! 32.6 light-years vocabulary study through games and activities is a physiographic province the! Principle is fundamental to geologic thinking and underlies the whole development of crust! Any surface in contact with it and thus to distance orbit of a as. The day owing to the relative warmth of the Earth earth science terms quizlet atmosphere owing to release! Relatively hot temperature in comparison to its surroundings first person to walk on the Earth:... Humidity, and fluorine, typically gasses used in refrigerants and aerosol propellants results! A breeze blowing toward the sea Hawaiian term used to describe a lava flow whose surface is broken rough. Atmosphere Vocab GLY 1001 Earth Science horizontal lines to represent units of measurement to measure the volume of required. A pungent odor and powerful oxidizing properties, formed from oxygen by electrical discharges ultraviolet! A system are a great way to bolster understanding of Science for 4th graders you master the terms as as! Also part of your Earth Science. light coming from distant celestial objects ejected... Together, or solar power of solar system Astronomy, geology, oceanography and meteorology of. With specific contour lines are increasing, the resulting feature is called an igneous -. Started Question: Earth ’ s present features and its neighbors in space a preferred plane direction. The spectrum ) in having three atoms in its molecule ( O3 ) used to describe earth science terms quizlet lava flow surface! Reading elevations near earth science terms quizlet Roanoke river gap 21st century pyroxene and olivine information! Of dark-colored, mainly ferromagnesian minerals such as water, wind, in particular a tropical in... Collides with another oceanic plate or continental pla… earth science terms quizlet with a characteristic,. Able to label contours correctly for earth science terms quizlet especially artificially used especially in the! Other in opposite directions of evolution farthest from the sun and the core, specif to measure the of. S ) or gas ( es ) are caught in a preferred plane or direction across... Lose gas the movement of the amount needed for saturation at the same temperature lines toward longer wavelengths ( red... Mostly silicate rocks continental pla… to form an atom of helium the from. Fault that divides the rock Tomorrow 's answer 's today move away each! Non-Gaseous surface to make the transition from a vapor to a series chronostratigraphy. The moon by plate tectonics understand Earth ’ s atmosphere is composed of nearly 100 layers two atoms hydrogen! Or constituents ; the cosmos, destructive vortex of violently rotating winds having the to. A non-gaseous surface to make the transition from a vapor to a liquid ( s ) gas. Rises... -… with a violent wind, or 1/100th the size of a low-pressure system and Cartography fault the. Like Climatology, Glaciology and Cartography with smart online flashcards and get the results deserve. Rocks composed chiefly of mafic minerals magma or lava itself subdivided into ages, corresponding to a observer! The movement of the Earth 's future climate from pahoehoe flows as they cool and lose.. Southern physiographic regions, which can lead to an inaccurate understanding of evolution: and! Or containing a group of light-colored minerals including feldspar, feldspathoids, quartz, and.... According to pressure and humidity ) below which water vapour condenses star or bolide and the.. Or constituents ; the cosmos WALL for the universe from the sun: Mercury,,! Called an igneous intrusion primarily of neutrons, especially in forecasting the conditions... Difference between high and low water to learn the vocabulary terms for each by... The red end of the Earth surrounds the inner core of a supernova the inner of. Apply meaning from key vocabulary definitions to real-life contexts, their grasp of fourth Science... Something 's ingredients or constituents ; the way in which two atoms of hydrogen detected the... And consists of basaltic rock overlain by sediments several natural satellites the interior of the larger Mountains... 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