, The Guards Division attacked with two brigades in line, which advanced in waves 75 yards (69 m) apart.  After the Anglo-French attacks in mid-September a "wholesale relief" of the front-line divisions had been possible. North of the hollow lay Morval, Lesbœufs and Gueudecourt, then the Albert–Bapaume road, west of Le Sars to Thiepval. Marshal of France. WikiProject Military history (Rated B-Class) This article is within the scope of the Military history WikiProject. The British 6th Division captured the Quadrilateral north of Combles on 18 September. To the west the 68th Brigade of the 23rd Division attacked 26th Avenue with two tanks attached. The 1st and 50th divisions of III Corps made a night attack on a new German trench at 11:00 p.m., the 1st Division was stopped by machine-gun fire and the 50th Division captured the west end, then bombed up Crescent Alley to Spence Trench. google_ad_client = "pub-2707004110972434"; Jump to: navigation, search. V and VI corps would capture the south of St. Pierre Vaast wood and southern Saillisel, while I and XXXII corps advanced east to take Rancourt, the rest of Saillisel and St. Pierre Vaast wood, Frégicourt and Sailly-Saillisel. The Capture of Lesbœufs (French pronunciation: ) [25 September 1916] was a tactical incident in the Battle of the Somme.Lesbœufs was a village on the D 74 between Gueudecourt and Morval, about 30 miles (48 km) north-east of Amiens; Le Transloy lies to the north-west and Bapaume is to the north.French Territorials fought the II Bavarian Corps on the north bank of the Somme in … Sexual Content  Late on 25 September, after the Sixth Army had been held up by the firepower of the German forces north of St. Quentin, Foch arranged a northward move of the inter-army boundary, so that the I and XXXII Corps could attack Sailly-Saillisel from the south, with V Corps as right flank guard. , To the north of XIV Corps, the 21st Division attacked on the right flank of XV Corps. The fight for Morval was related in a front-page spread in TheDaily Mail of Wednesday October 4 th 1916. The advance to the next objective took ten minutes, against "slight" opposition and the advance to the final objective was conducted against little resistance, the right-hand brigade digging-in on the east side of Lesbœufs by 3:30 p.m., On the left flank, the 3rd Guards Brigade reached the first objective on the right but was delayed on the left until 1:35 p.m., by Germans in a trench which had been missed by the artillery bombardment, before reaching the first objective. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. Haig had hoped that the delay in producing tanks had been overcome and that enough would be ready to be used in September. Troops moved forward and consolidated a new line about 1,500 yards (1,400 m) east of Combles, linking with the French on the right.  French attacks in the south beyond Combles, made little progress against massed German artillery fire and Fayolle concluded that an extensive artillery preparation would be needed, to resuming the attack around 7–8 October. , The battle was a considerable Anglo-French victory and as no tanks were used in the initial Fourth Army attack, a continuous creeping barrage was maintained. The inter-army boundary was moved north from 27–28 September, to allow the French more room to deploy their forces but the great quantity of German artillery-fire limited the French advance. The brigade quickly advanced round the north of the wood, despite resistance in the embankment of the tram line and then sent patrols towards … Before an attack, the garrison tried to move forwards into shell-holes, to avoid Allied artillery-fire and surprise attacking infantry with machine-gun fire.  Opposite the French, the Germans dug new defences on a reverse slope between the Tortille stream at Allaines, to the west end of St. Pierre Vaast wood and from there to Morval, connected to a new fourth position dug from Sailly Saillissel to Morval and Bapaume, along the Péronne–Bapaume road. Cavalry were even able to seize some tactical objectives and infantry kept well up to the creeping bombardment, limiting losses to 5,000 men in the ten British divisions engaged. At the beginning of August, optimistic that the Brusilov Offensive would continue to absorb German and Austro-Hungarian reserves and that the Germans had abandoned their offensive at Verdun, Sir Douglas Haig advocated to the War Committee in London, that relentless pressure be kept on the German armies in France for as long as possible.  The 41st Division relieved the 55th Division, III Corps consolidated and the left of the 23rd Division advanced with the Canadians of the Reserve Army; an attempt on Destremont Farm failed against a vigorous German defence using many machine-guns and bombs. The political and strategic background to the offensive The tactical planning for the start of the offensive The logistical preparations necessary before the offensive The artillery bombardment before the infantry attack Part of a map contained in the British Official History [Crown Copyright]. Despite the small numbers of tanks available and the limited time for the training of crews by September 1916, Haig had committed them in the Battle of Flers–Courcelette, in view of the importance of the general Allied offensive being conducted on the Western Front in France, by Italy against the Austro-Hungarians and by Brusilov in Russia, which could not continue indefinitely. The ground not taken near Morval fell in the evening, completing the capture of the ground on the main ridge, making Combles untenable, although British balloon observers were able to see that the French advance from the south had been delayed. La bataille de Morval se déroula lors de l'offensive franco-britannique de la Somme. Obtenez des photos d'actualité haute résolution de qualité sur Getty Images The battle of Morval, 25-28 September 1916, was a continuation of the battle of Flers-Courcelette (15-23 September), designed to capture those objectives of the earlier battle that had not been secured during the successful advances on its first two days. google_ad_slot = "4852765988"; L'attaque avait pour but de libérer les villages de Morval, Gueudecourt et Lesbœufs tenus par la 1re armée allemande ce qui était, à l'origine, l'objectif de la Bataille de Flers-Courc… La détérioration des conditions météorologiques a par ailleurs conduit à des problèmes de ravitaillement chez les Franco-Britanniques. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The postponement was extended from 21–25 September because of rain, which affected operations more frequently during September.. German artillery fire revived during the morning, forcing the Guards Division to consolidate as quickly as possible. , More German troops and artillery had arrived on the Somme front during September but their use in big counter-attacks south of the Somme from 20–23 September, had disappointing results, failing to regain the ground lost since 12 September, with the French armies proving just as capable of inflicting huge losses on attackers as the Germans. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Topics related to both Battle of Ginchy and Battle of Morval. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. After negotiation with the French, the attack was set for the afternoon of September 25. Quelques chars britanniques se sont joints à la bataille plus tard dans l'après-midi du 25 septembre, après avoir été retenus d'un certain nombre de points d'appui allemands, qui avaient résisté à des attaques antérieures. , In XIV Corps the 56th Division probed towards Combles, arriving within 500 yards (460 m) by dawn, as other troops advanced into Bouleaux Wood, after seeing rockets fired at 2:10 a.m.  The objective of one German trench system, the original third line, which was less well-developed than the German defences on 15 September, was subjected to 40 percent greater weight of shellfire. The 6th Division to the north, had already reached the third objective of the attack of 15 September, on a front of 700 yards (640 m). , XIV Corps attacked on the right with the 56th Division next to the French Sixth Army, in co-operation with the French 2nd Division, with two battalions of the 168th Brigade while the other two on the right flank contained the Germans in Bouleaux Wood and the western defences of Combles. XV Corps captured Gird Trench (Gallwitz Riegel) and Gueudecourt when a fresh battalion of the 21st Division and a tank advanced up Pilgrim's Way at 6:30 a.m. and bombed down Gird Trench to the Guards Division. A German counter-barrage began on the Guards Division front, within a minute of the infantry advancing but the leading waves moved fast enough to avoid the bombardment. battle of morval in a sentence - Use "battle of morval" in a sentence 1. The 23rd Division on the northern flank, took part of 26th Avenue near Spence Trench and linked with the Canadians of the Reserve Army on the Albert–Bapaume road. Sauter à la navigation Sauter à la recherche.  On the nights of 19 and 20 September, parties of the 56th Division consolidated a line west and north-east of Combles, from Beef Trench to Middle Copse. Infantry and cavalry patrols entered Gueudecourt and the high ground to the north. Parts of the 235th Reserve Regiment west of Combles and the 234th Reserve Regiment in the village, were threatened with encirclement by the British from the north and the French in the south. Maintaining direction, momentum and preparation for fighting among village ruins was emphasised by the divisional commander Major-General G. P. T. Fielding. 50% (1/1) trench mortar … The aircraft observer stopped the artillery and the aircraft strafed the Germans in the trench, causing 370 Germans to surrender, for a British loss of five casualties. The leading waves kept very close to the creeping barrage, advancing quickly against sparse German artillery fire and unusually feeble resistance from German infantry; a battalion headquarters was captured and a defensive flank was formed along Goose Alley to Gird Trench. Tags. Observers in reconnaissance aircraft located 124 German artillery batteries; 47 were engaged and 21 silenced by zone calls. google_ad_height = 90; English: Media relating to the Battle of Morval 25 September 1916, part of the Battle of the Somme. The 1st Infantry Brigade of the New Zealand Division linked with the 55th Division in Gird Support Trench on the Ligny road, having taken 80 prisoners, then dug in on a reverse slope further forward, when it was found that Gird Support Trench was nearly obliterated. The 64th Brigade (21st Division) continued the advance with two battalions, to just short of the Gueudecourt–Le Transloy road, where a battalion from the 62nd Brigade passed through to the road and linked with the Guards Division at the junction with the Lesbœufs road.  An advance on the main front of the British attack of 1,200–1,500 yards (1,100–1,400 m), was to be made in stages. Marie Émile Fayolle réalise alors la nécessité de bombarder les positions allemandes avant de reprendre les attaques le 7-8 octobre sur Sailly-Saillisel, qui tombera un mois plus tard après de féroces combats, le 12 novembre au 105e régiment d'infanterie avant d'être repris le 14 novembre par l'ennemi lors d'une contre-attaque, marquant la fin de l'avance alliée dans la bataille de la Somme. , The 6th Division attacked from north of Morval, to the road through the middle of Lesbœufs, on the left of the 5th Division. Troops of the 8th Division, brought from north of the Bapaume–Albert road, to counter-attack from Thilloy towards Gueudecourt, were engaged by sixty British field guns, causing the German infantry to "flee" in the direction of Le Transloy. September 25 1916, Morval–After the British gains on September 15, the Allies were ready to attack again. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. An attempt to bomb forward from west of Martinpuich Mill also failed. 50.036256. , The 238th Reserve Regiment, on the right of the 52nd Reserve Division and the I Battalion of the neighbouring 6th Bavarian Regiment, on the left flank of the 6th Bavarian Division in the III Bavarian Corps area, were able to hold much of Gallwitz Riegel (Gird Trench) and Gueudecourt, because some of the defending machine-guns had survived the British bombardment, having been withdrawn from the front-line and hidden in shell-holes. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 14 février 2020 à 21:12.  The 50th Reserve Division was pushed further back towards Eaucourt l'Abbaye and Le Sars, as the 6th Bavarian Division took over the defence of the area; next day a Bavarian regiment was attacked, while being relieved by part of the 7th Reserve Division near Gallwitz Riegel and managed to hold its ground despite many casualties on both sides. An attempt to bomb forward from west of Martinpuich Mill also failed. Initialement prévue pour le 21 septembre, l'attaque britannique est reportée au 25 en raison de la pluie. Rather than pack troops into the front-line, the local, corps and army reserves were held back, in lines about 2,000 yards (1,800 m) apart, able to make progressively stronger counter-attacks. Battle of Morval. The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette .  At 2:35 p.m., observers watched the advance to the final objective and after twenty-one minutes, almost all of it was reported captured. Posted by The Times Report in Balkans, Diplomacy & foreign affairs, European theatre, Western Front ≈ Leave a comment. /* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ 54 soldats britanniques tombés pendant la bataille reposent au cimetière militaire de Morval, géré par la Commonwealth War Graves Commission. La bataille de Morval se déroula lors de l'offensive franco-britannique de la Somme.  More cavalry advanced from Mametz and dismounted under fire at 2:15 a.m., to enter Gueudecourt from the south-west. After 30 minutes the defenders were forced back to within 500 yards (460 m) of the Guards Division, when the aircraft called for artillery fire until the tank and infantry arrived. Émile Fayolle. The main British attack was postponed, to combine with attacks by the French Sixth Army on the village of … The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September). /* 728x90, created 7/15/08 */ Several weak German counter-attacks were defeated and the 95th Brigade began working its way southward, towards the French at Frégicourt. Casualty statistics are incomplete and German losses at Morval are a portion of the September total. The French made slower progress near the inter-army boundary, due to the obstruction of St. Pierre Vaast Wood to the French attack north towards Sailly and Sailly-Saillisel. Tag Archives: Battle of Morval September 29, 1916. Première Guerre mondiale, Front de l'Ouest. Près de la tranchée ennemie, il vit deux autres Allemands tirer sur lui tout en brandissant simultanément un drapeau blanc. WHEBN0001310199 The Sixth Army was to advance 3,000 yards (2,700 m), close to the German line running from Moislains to Le Transloy. The 110th Brigade (attached from the 37th Division) moved forward slowly and reached the village late in the afternoon. Air reconnaissance around midday, established the position of British and French positions around Combles.  A XV Corps attack by the New Zealand Division was cancelled, because the un-captured part of Gird Trench was found to overlook the objective at Goose Alley.  The British aircraft-artillery-tank-infantry attack on Gallwitz Riegel near Gueudecourt, led to many of the survivors of the 238th Reserve Regiment and a battalion of the 6th Bavarian Regiment being captured. Battle of Morval. British Front - France '16 General Battle Somme. , Trenches were still dug but were no longer intended to be fought from, being used for shelter during quiet periods, for the movement of reinforcements and supplies, as rallying points and decoys. Supporting troops scramble out of their trenches to go forward near Ginchy, September 1916. La bataille de Morval se déroula lors de l'offensive franco-britannique de la Somme. The Battle of Morval, which began on 25 September 1916, was an attack by the British Fourth Army on the German-held villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesboeufs during the Battle of the Somme. L'avance de la 4e armée britannique le 25 septembre permit par ailleurs de développer un saillant au nord-est de Combles, mettant les Allemands en grande difficulté. Situated on the D20 road, some 50 km north-east of Amiens. //-->. The New Zealand battalion in the centre advanced except on the left, where it was held up by uncut wire and the left battalion lost three companies to machine-gun fire beyond the road from Factory Corner to Eaucourt l'Abbaye. google_ad_slot = "6416241264"; Rigid defence of the front-line continued but with as few soldiers as possible, relying on the fire power of machine-guns firing from behind the front-line and from the flanks. The Fourth Army attacked again in the Battle of Morval from and captured Morval, Gueudecourt and N 17 ). 29 Thursday Sep 2016. The new trench was dug north-east to a tram line near the junction of the Ginchy–Morval road, which connected Middle Copse with the Quadrilateral further north, creating a line 900 yards (820 m) long facing Bouleaux Wood.  Four German aircraft were shot down and others damaged for no loss but the superior speed of the newer German aeroplanes, allowed them to break off at will. Il était avec son régiment couvrant l'avance en face d'un village, quand il a remarqué un tireur embusqué ennemi à 183 m de distance. Here, with the help of Marigold Cleeve and a small number of researchers from the Loughborough Carillon Tower & War Memorial Museum, we look back on those who made the ultimate sacrifice during the Battle of Morval in September 1916. The first phase of the tandem assault was the Battle of Morval, from September 25-28, 1916, when the British Fourth Army attacked German defenders … , The British conformed to the French preference for afternoon attacks, which meant that the final bombardment took place in daylight, although they preferred dawn attacks, to avoid the attacking infantry waiting for too long in the front-line, where they were vulnerable to German counter-bombardment. Ludendorff had recently created fifteen "new" divisions by combing-out troops at depots and by removing regiments from existing divisions, from which the 212th, 213th and 214th divisions were brought in, to replace worn out divisions opposite the French Tenth and Sixth armies. Supporting troops moving up to the attack, 25th September, 1916. Elle débute à 12 h 35 le 25 septembre avec l'offensive de sept divisions de la 6e armée française le long des deux rives de la Somme. google_ad_width = 160; British Front - France '16 General Battle Somme. The 6th Bavarian Regiment further north, was pushed back from Gallwitz Riegel into the village and southwards into the I Battalion area. The area behind the front-line was defended by support and reserve units dispersed on reverse slopes, in undulations and in any cover that could be found, so that they could open machine-gun fire by surprise, from unseen positions and then counter-attack swiftly, before the Anglo-French infantry could consolidate captured ground. By midnight all three brigades had moved forward and at 3:30 a.m. British and French troops met; by dawn a patrol met French soldiers east of the town, the 56th Division line being consolidated 1,500 yards (1,400 m) east of Combles, with the Germans beyond in Mutton Trench. Spurs ran down the eastern slope, generally to the north-east in the direction of the Péronne–Bapaume road, before the ground rose again from St. Pierre Vaast Wood to Sailly-Saillisel, Le Transloy, Beaulencourt and Thilloy. Supporting troops moving up to the attack, near Ginchy, September, 1916. Wikipedia.  The cessation of German attacks at Verdun, ordered by the new supreme command of Chief of the General Staff, Field Marshal von Hindenburg and Generalquartiermeister General Erich Ludendorff, when they superseded Falkenhayn and the reinforcement of the Somme front, reduced the German inferiority in guns and aircraft on the Somme during September. The Battle of Morval, which began on 25 September 1916, was an attack by the British Fourth Army on the German-held villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesboeufs during the Battle of the Somme.These villages were originally objectives of the major British offensive of 15 September, the Battle of Flers-Courcelette.The French Sixth Army, which had not been keeping pace with … The XIV Corps commander Major-General Rudolph Cavan put all four divisions of the corps in line, to give them narrower fronts, for an easier deployment of supporting infantry. Eventually a defensive flank was formed, facing south in part of the Ginchy–Gueudecourt road and a small number of troops got into Gird Trench and gained touch with the 55th Division, which had attacked with 165th Brigade and taken Gird Trench early in the afternoon, then gained a foothold in a sunken road between Gird Trench and Gueudecourt at 2:40 p.m., linking with the 21st Division on the right and the New Zealand Division on the left. The Fourth Army advance on 25 September was its deepest since 14 July and left the Germans in severe difficulties, particularly in a salient which developed to the north-east of Combles. 1900-09) Auteur: Ernest … bataille de Morval bataille de la Première Guerre mondiale. Observers in reconnaissance … The 5th and 6th divisions consolidated on spurs east and north-east of Morval. While the French Sixth and the Fourth Army prepared to resume their attacks, the French Tenth Army to the south of the Somme captured Berny, Vermandovillers, Déniecourt and took several thousand prisoners. The French insisted on an afternoon attack in order to have artillery spotting in … The division was to gain touch with the 5th Division on the left, while trench mortar and machine-gun fire on the wood and on the north-eastern exits of Combles, kept the Germans under cover. The main British attack was postponed, to combine with attacks by the French Sixth Army on the village of Combles south of Morval, to close up to the German defences between Moislains and Le Transloy, near the Péronne–Bapaume road (N 17). 13 The Battle of Morval took place in on September 25 th-28 th 1916. Historique du 66ème RI (F. P., Imp. En arrivant à la tranchée ennemie, il désarme à lui seul ses 102 occupants allemands pris de panique (trois ou quatre d'entre eux étaient des officiers),. Battle of Morval. Combles. Date: 25-28 September 1916: Source: This is photograph Q 1309 from the collections of the Imperial War Museums (collection no. The first stage was an advance to the third of the objective lines set for 15 September and to the Gird Trenches (Gallwitz Riegel) south of Gueudecourt, beginning at 12:35 p.m., the second objective was a line along the sunken road running from Combles to Gueudecourt, west of Morval and Lesbœufs, then over a spur south-east of Gueudecourt and through the centre of the village, beginning at 1:35 p.m.. The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the … British Front - France General Battle Somme. Mud reduced the blast effect of shells and immobilised infantry, which was an advantage to the defenders. La bataille, initialement prévue pour le 21 septembre 1916, débuta le 25 et dura 4 jours, résultant en une victoire franco-britannique considérable. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. , At 12:35 p.m. on 25 September, the Sixth Army attacked with seven divisions. A further attack was planned with tank support then cancelled when the tanks failed to appear. One tank crossed the crest and attracted so much German artillery fire that the advance of the brigade was stopped.
, The 6th Division attacked from north of Morval, to the road through the middle of Lesbœufs, on the left of the 5th Division. , XV Corps attacked with the 55th Division, which took Gird Trench and Goose Alley with a battalion of the 164th Brigade at 2:15 p.m. Les fortes pluies entre le 16 et le 22 septembre ont empêché les Allemands de consolider leurs défenses. A battalion of the 239th Reserve Regiment of the 52nd Reserve Division was cut off in Morval and part of the regiment was overwhelmed north of the village near Lesbœufs. La bataille, initialement prévue pour le 21 septembre 1916, débuta le 25 et dura 4 jours, résultant en une victoire franco-britannique considérable. The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September).wikipedia. The Germans were on the north and west slopes and the New Zealanders had reached the south and part of the western edges, which gave a commanding view of the German positions, making another attack redundant. La bataille, initialement prévue pour le 21 septembre 1916, débuta le 25 et dura 4 jours, résultant en une victoire franco-britannique considérable. German troops retreating east were "routed" in the direction of Haie Wood by machine-gun fire. The fourth company established posts up Goose Alley, while the Germans managed to hold on to the junction of the Alley and Gird Trench (Gallwitz Riegel).
Nov. 16, 2010, 5:45 p.m. Pinned by Historypin Type: photo. Supporting troops moving up to the attack, 25th September, 1916. British infantry advancing in support during the Battle of Morval, 25 September 1916, part of the Battle of the Somme. Deteriorating weather and the shorter days, greatly increased British and French transport difficulties; rain and fog grounded aircraft and impeded artillery observation. Supporting troops moving up to the attack, near Ginchy, September, 1916. German counter-attacks became bigger and more frequent, making the Anglo-French advance slower and more costly. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. , The 1st New Zealand Brigade was to form a defensive flank either side of Goose Alley, which ran from Flers Trench to the Gird Trenches, facing north-west towards Eaucourt l'Abbaye. British Front - France General Battle Somme. , German air operations had little effect on the British corps aircraft, which made contact patrols and artillery observation flights. The brigade quickly advanced round the north of the wood, despite resistance in the embankment of the tram line and then sent patrols towards Combles. Les pertes britanniques s'élèvent à 5 000 tués, blessés ou disparus sur 10 divisions engagées. L'opération a été menée afin de coïncider avec la prise du village de Combles, au sud de Morval, par la 6e armée française, ce qui permettrait à cette dernière de se rapprocher des défenses allemandes entre Moislains et Le Transloy, près de la route de Péronne à Bapaume (N 17).  In the III Corps area, on the northern flank of the Fourth Army, the 23rd Division attacked Destremont Farm at 5:30 a.m. then linked with the 3rd Canadian Division on the army boundary. It was a brief episode in the Somme campaign and an Allied victory. Heeresgruppe Gallwitz–Somme was dissolved and General Max von Gallwitz reverted to the command of the Second Army. More artillery and aircraft were brought from Verdun and VII Corps was relieved; V, VI and XXXII corps entered the line (which had become 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) longer, since the advance of 12 September) between I and XXXIII corps, increasing the Sixth Army to five corps. , Anglo-French attacks had been expected on 23 September, rather than 25 September and the timing of the attack for the afternoon, also wrong-footed some of the defenders. The 141st Brigade from the 47th Division relieved the 1st Division on the night of 28/29 September and pressed the Germans back beyond the Flers Switch Line at the second attempt.
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